GordonDrugAbusePrevention.com

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NEW:

11/14/2016 Presentation at the

2016 International Criminology Conference in Washington, DC:

A Case for Protecting the Brain:

Keeping the Federal Controlled Substances Act in Place and

Providing Non-Punitive, Justice System-Based Public Health Options to Address the Use of

Marijuana, Opiates, and Other Psychoactive and Mood-Altering Drugs in America



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- Working List of Selected References and Resources Concerning the Harmful Effects of Marijuana

Compiled by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.

2014-05-31_Selected_List_of_References_and_Resources_Concerning_the_Harmful_Effects_of_Marijuana_Use.docx

An extensive Working List of Selected References and Resources Concerning the Harmful Effects of Marijuana initially compiled May 31, 2014 and periodically updated.​Compiled by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.


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- Selected Abstracts and References on the Harmfulness of Marijuana (Focusing on Psychosis, Bi-Polar Disorders, and Other Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders)

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​- Some Outstanding Websites about Marijuana, Including Some Websites Tracking Developments in Jurisdictions Where Marijuana Has Been Legalized

~ The Marijuana Report.Org 

~ Legalization Violations  at http://legalizationviolations.org

~ Smart Approaches to Marijuana at http://learningaboutsam.org

~ Institute for Behavior and Health at http://ibh.org

~Two is Enough at http://TIEDC2014.com

~National Association of Drug Court Professionals at http://nadcp.org

~Parents Opposed to Pot at http://poppot.org

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Statement on The End of Drug Abuse

The tidal wave of drug abuse and its aftermath will eventually end.   The end to the scourge will come when more and more thoughtful, feeling human beings come forward, contribute to a critical mass of public wisdom and opinion, and effectively turn the tide.  The strategy used in Ohio, although site specific, was extraordinary in this regard.  Others can learn from the example of what Tony Coder of the Drug Free Action Alliance and his associates accomplished in Ohio by pulling together a coalition of individuals with similar goals but not necessarily similar values, who were able to stop the ballot measure that would have legalized marijuana in Ohio.  They did this even though they were out-funded 9 to 1.

Many individuals have allowed themselves to be blinded to current realities. Many have allowed themselves to be conned and dehumanized.  When they become aware of what is going on, they will no longer succumb to groupthink, social pressure, and denial.  There is then a hope that human values will overtake the magical thinking and ignorance of proponents and users and that the materialistic values of those who are promoting the societally destructive results of the efforts of “Big Marijuana” will give way to reason and human values.  The challenge is to help coalesce the efforts of two forces:  those who at their core realize what devastation this enchantment with altered states of mind has wrought and those who are not enticed by the promise of material gain, those who are neither uncaring nor in denial concerning the cost of the destruction of all human and societal values, potentials, and goals. 

                                                                                                                                  Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.       April 12, 2016

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Excerpt of an April 17, 2016 Letter from Paula Gordon to a U.S. Senator Who is a Proponent of Legalization

.......Today’s marijuana is exponentially higher in its THC content than the marijuana of preceding decades.  Many of the results of older research studies have been “cherry-picked by proponents of marijuana use and have in effect served to propagandize impressionable individuals who have not read, studied, or understood the research concerning the full extent of the harmful of effects of marijuana.

Secondly, today’s users are sadly more “out of it” than stoners and users of decades ago.  For instance, they cannot begin to answer a variant of the question that I asked you:

What would it take for you to decide not to use marijuana?

 Indeed I asked that question of hundreds of users who were standing in line to pick up free seeds in Washington, DC in March of 2015. Those who deigned to answer showed they had ceased to use any reason concerning their decision to use.  They also revealed that they knew nothing of the 23,000 studies in the refereed journal literature.  To me the Harris Isbell study is most decisive.  Isbell and his associates established in 1967 that THC, the active principle of marijuana, has idiosyncratic psychotomimetic effects on healthy human subjects.  Do you really want people, including young people, to be playing Russian Roulette with their mental and psychological health?

On April 14 at Brookings a debate was held on whether or not marijuana should be rescheduled as a Schedule 2 drugs.  David Evans, Esq. and Dr. Bertha Madras argued in favor of keeping marijuana a Schedule 1 drug.  (See http://www.brookings.edu/events/2016/04/14-marijuana-rescheduling-debate-hudak .) Dr. Bertha Madras concluded her extensive arguments that she had made during the debate saying that “there is not the evidence that whole plant marijuana is safe or effective”.  Then her extraordinarily eloquent concluding remarks took the debate to a different level.  The following remarks that begin at 1 hour and 25 minutes into the program were as follows:

Why do nations schedule drugs?...... Nations schedule psychoactive drugs because we revere this three pound organ (of our brain) differently than any other part of our body.  It is the repository of our humanity.  It is the place that enables us to write poetry and to do theater, to conjure up calculus and send rockets to Pluto three billion miles away, and to create I Phones and 3 D computer printing.  And that is the magnificence of the human brain.  Drugs can influence (the brain) adversely.  So this is not a war on drugs.  This is a defense of our brains, the ultimate source of our humanity.

 

Letter to District of Columbia Mayor and City Council Regarding the Harmfulness of Secondhand Marijuana Smoke

Subject: Regarding DC marijuana smoke policy

Date: February 1, 2016 at 3:02:21 AM PST

To: "Office of Mayor Muriel E. Bowser" <eom@dc.gov>, The Council of the District of Columbia <dccouncil@dccouncil.us>

 
Dear Mayor Bowser and DC Council Members,

 
I read in the Washington Post about the controversies regarding regulation of legal marijuana use and about how smoke-free policies should be enforced.  Because discussions pertaining to exposure of the public and of pot club employees to marijuana secondhand smoke frequently involve questions of whether or not secondhand marijuana smoke is harmful, I would like to provide you with important information about it effects on the ability of blood vessels to function properly. 

 
My research group at the University of California, San Francisco has studied the effects of tobacco and marijuana secondhand smoke on blood vessel function in rats, under conditions that closely mimic the effects of tobacco secondhand smoke on blood vessels in humans.  We have shown that not only does marijuana secondhand smoke impair proper functioning of the arteries but that its effect is more extreme and longer lasting than that of tobacco secondhand smoke, at reasonable real-world levels.  This potentially increases the chances of heart attack and stroke.

 
We reported our initial results at the 2014 annual American Heart Association conference and are currently submitting a paper for publication, showing that even one minute of marijuana secondhand smoke exposure is enough to cause drastic reduction in vessel function for at least 90 minutes.  Our policy briefing for California about cardiovascular effects of marijuana smoke is at https://tobacco.ucsf.edu/marijuana-use-and-heart-disease-potential-effects-public-exposure-smoke.

 
Based on these results, exposing the public to secondhand marijuana smoke in an arena or other public place, or exposing bar/club employees to the smoke, may put them at greater risk than if tobacco smoking were allowed in that space.  I hope that you will continue to protect the public from unwanted exposure to smoke from any source, be it tobacco or marijuana.  I have written a short letter to the editor of the Post as well.  Please feel free to contact me for more information.

 
Respectfully,

Matthew L. Springer, Ph.D. 

Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiology
Cardiovascular Research Institute
Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research
Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of California, San Francisco  
 
Phone  (415) 502-8404
matt.springer@ucsf.edu
http://cardiolab.ucsf.edu/molcardiolab/

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- The Complaint Filed in December of 2014 by the States of Nebraska and Oklahoma

Against the State of Colorado to Settle the Question:How can Colorado circumvent federal law that bans the cultivation, trafficking and possession of marijuana?

…Attorneys General Jon Bruning of Nebraska and Scott Pruitt of Oklahoma took the extraordinary step of suing another state Thursday when they asked the Supreme Court to settle an important question: How can Colorado circumvent federal law that bans the cultivation, trafficking and possession of marijuana?     

Attorney General-elect Doug Peterson, who takes office early next month, said he fully supports the decision to challenge Colorado’s law. Bruning kept him informed and shared legal briefs before filing the case, Peterson said….     

The complaint filed by Nebraska and Oklahoma  See http://www.scribd.com/doc/250506006/Nebraska-Oklahoma-lawsuit

(more...)

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- December 5, 2014 Presentation by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. at the Dupont Summit in Washington, D.C.

Marijuana Legalization: A Man-Made Public Health Disaster Currently Unfolding in Two States in the U.S. 

2014-12-_Paula_D._Gordon_Ph.D._Dupont_Summit_Presentation_on_Marijuana_Use_as_an_Unfolding_Public_Health_Disas.pptx

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- An excerpt from the October 30, 2014 testimony by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. on the “Marijuana Legalization and Regulation Act of 2013” before Joint Committees of the Council of the District of Columbia: Committee on Business, Consumer, and Regulatory Affairs and Committee on Finance and Revenue

 “Many feel that those in lower socioeconomic groups have been unjustly targeted even with the minimal penalties that now exist with decriminalization in D.C.  There is a very easy way to remedy this.  What you need to do is simply follow the lead of other jurisdictions throughout the country who provide drug court services and other in lieu of incarceration and in lieu of prosecution approaches to dealing with drug use. For instance in Maryland, users are being given the option of going into counselling, treatment or rehab and thereby avoiding penalties, avoiding adjudication,  and avoiding a record.  Simple.  Please rescind efforts to legalize marijuana and try to help those caught up in drug-taking.  Please help the rising generation to grow into drug-free adults who have not diminished their will power, their motivation, their intellect, and who have not impaired their mental and physical well- being.  How can we hope to maintain a free and thriving society, and how can we hope maintain a viable representative democracy dependent on an educated citizenry, if you take unconstitutional steps that in effect spread the use of the last thing any sane society needs and underdeveloped societies are currently shunning: an instantaneous intoxicant with psychoactive properties that so deleteriously affect the weakest, the youngest, and the oldest in our community while impacting the economy through the loss of productivity and loss of a viable tourism trade.   Please do not continue to follow this path that will turn a beautiful historic treasure of a city that should honor the legacy of the Founders of the nation and the nation’s heroes and great leaders into a Denver or an Amsterdam and contribute to the problems of its youth and its elderly, its mentally ill, its developmentally disabled, its homeless population, its unemployed, its underserved, its former users, its current users, its naïve experimenters, and so many others who are being and will be immediately harmed by the spread of the use of marijuana.”

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- Monday, November 3, 2014 Presentation by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. for The George Washington University

University Seminar on Reflexive Systems:Viewing Marijuana Use and Policy from a Public Health Perspective

~What are the Impacts of Legalization in Colorado and Washington State?

~ Is There a Better Approach that Keeps Marijuana Illegal While Providing for Non-Punitive, “In Lieu of Incarceration” and “In Lieu of Prosecution” Alternatives That Discourage Drug-Taking Behavior & Marijuana Use Specifically in the U.S.?

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- Marijuana Legalization: a Man-Made Public Health Disaster Currently Unfolding in Two States in the U.S.?  (An Article)

By Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.October 4, 2014

2014-09-26_Paula_D._Gordon__Ph.D.__Marijuana_Legalization_in_Two_States_-_A_Man-Made_Public_Health_Disaster.docx

Initially published in PA Times Online on September 19, 2014.

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- The Illegality of Legalizing Marijuana Use: An Open Plea to the President and All Other Sworn Federal, State, and Local Public Officials Concerning Marijuana Policies and Laws in the United States: What Part of “I swear to take Care that Laws be faithfully executed” or “I swear to support and defend the Constitution” Do You Not Understand?

by  Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.August 4, 2014   

2014-07-30_Paula_D._Gordon_Ph.D._article_on_the_illegality_of_legalizing_marijuana_use.docx

Published by Family Security Matters and Also Posted at http://GordonDrugAbusePrevention.com

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- Some Comments and Questions for Proponents of Marijuana Legalization by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. May 30, 2014

​​There is a public policy approach that can be taken to addressing the use and abuse of intoxicants and psychoactive substances, including marijuana, an approach that does not involve incarceration or a permanent record in the criminal justice system.  The public policy approach can be taken in a way that advances the health of individuals and the public health of the nation.  Undertaking such a public health approach can make it totally unnecessary and counterproductive to legalize marijuana.  Individuals who are intoxicated as a result of using psychoactive substances and who are apprehended for public intoxication or driving under the influence can be remanded through the court system to “in lieu of prosecution” programs, including drug court type programs.  Such programs focus on education and information, and on counselling, treatment, and rehabilitation where needed.   With the completion of such programs, records can be expunged.  Numerous such approaches and policies are already in place in the U.S. and elsewhere.

As is evident from the experiments in Washington and Colorado, legalization contributes to the spreading use of marijuana among all age groups.  Legalization has also increased the lucrative nature of the illicit sales trade since it is easy for those selling marijuana outside of the legal distribution system to undercut the prices of the legal distributors. 

There has been testimony from illicit sellers to this effect.There has been an increase in DUIs and fatalities involving marijuana use since marijuana was legalized in two states. 

Some questions:

~ Do you think that it is possible to drive safely with any amount of marijuana in one’s system?

~ Are you aware that increasing numbers of individuals of all ages have begun using marijuana as a result of the changes in the laws in Washington and Colorado?  Are you aware of the increased demand for treatment by those using marijuana?

~ Are you aware of the public health consequences of this and of the fact that no amount of tax revenue could possibly offset the public health consequences and costs to society?

~ Are you aware that the use of marijuana has increased in adjacent states?

~ Are you aware that THC has been shown to have idiosyncratic psychotomimetic effects in human subjects?

~ Do you know about the research, including brain scans, showing anomalies in the brains of casual users?  (April 16, 2014, Journal of Neuroscience posted at http://jn.sfn.org/press/April-16-2014-Issue/zns01614005529.pdf )? 

~ Do you know about the complementary research findings, that have also included brain scans of users, and that have been reported on over the past few years? These research findings show that marijuana affects the development and functioning of the brain and that use of marijuana lowers the IQs of users whose brains are still developing.  The brain is considered by many to be developing in individuals who are 25 years of age or younger.  There are those in the scientific community who would put the age the completion of brain development between 35 and 50.  The age that one must be to purchase marijuana in Colorado is 21.

~ Did you know that individuals who were high on marijuana have been involved in crimes of violence and in major accidents that have resulted in multiple deaths?  Christopher Darden, attorney for the prosecution, is on record as having said that O.J. Simpson had marijuana in his system at the time of the murders of his ex-wife and Ron Goldman. There has also been a recent murder in Colorado involving an individual who was high on marijuana.

~ Are you aware that a percentage of those using marijuana who become addicted to it?

~ Are you aware that the smoking marijuana and smoking tobacco are both carcinogenic and both impair the heart and respiratory system? Are you aware that there are recently reported cases of those using marijuana who have died of heart-related causes?

~ Do you think that legislators or the public had any idea that they would be legalizing marijuana that could have a THC content of 85% or more?  Are you aware of the much higher THC in today’s marijuana as contrast with the marijuana that was used in prior to the ‘80s and the ‘90s?

~ Do you foresee the involvement of the FDA in regulating the advertising claims made by marijuana distributors to recreational users?  For instance, see the warnings included in the information provided by a distributor in Colorado of paranoia as a possible negative result of using a product that has a 17% THC content. (See http://eufloracolorado.com/Menu/jack-herer/). The same distributor is promoting medicinal uses for most all of the products being offered to all of the customers of the business.

~ Do you foresee law suits being brought on behalf of those harmed by marijuana use that would likely equal if not rival the law suits that were brought on behalf of those smokers harmed by tobacco?  Do you think that such lawsuits would be likely to have an effect on the marijuana industry, “Big Marijuana”, that would be similar to the effect that lawsuits have had on “Big Tobacco”?

~ Are you aware of the effect that marijuana smoke can have on innocent bystanders and on non-using family members of all ages?  Are you aware of the civil liberties implications this has for bystanders, especially former users, the mentally ill, individuals who are infirm, and sensitive individuals and children?

~ Are you aware that there is no way to extrapolate to the U.S. the experience that Portugal, a small predominantly Catholic country of around 10.6 million people,  has had with its unique multidisciplinary assessment and rehabilitation of those engaged in drug taking behavior? The closest thing to it in this country would be the remanding of users to drug court programs or other “in lieu of prosecution” approaches involving education, treatment, and rehabilitation.  There is no comparability between what Portugal is doing and what is happening at the present time in Colorado.

~ Are you aware of the voluminous research that exists on the full range of harmful mental and physical effects of marijuana?  See the various lists of references in the articles and reports and lists of references posted on http://GordonDrugAbusePrevention.com .  Especially see the “Open Letter to Those Who Believe that Marijuana Use is Harmless or Relatively Harmless to Themselves and Those in Their Surround”.

The author of these comments and questions knows from first-hand experience in the ‘60s the effects of psychoactive drugs (as well as mood altering substances such as alcohol and tobacco).  The author has worked since the ‘60s to promote public health approaches to discouraging use and to intervening in early stages of psychoactive drug use and experimentation.  The author also has emphasized the need for in lieu of prosecution programs, including drug court type programs that focus on education and information, and counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation where needed. This might be viewed at a campaign to dissuade individuals from engaging in drug taking behavior and to help enlighten individuals concerning the innumerable mental, psychological, physical, and spiritual effects of using marijuana and other psychoactive substances. The spiritual effects of marijuana are particularly insidious as they result in the near instantaneous abeyance of one’s “soul power” and initiative. For those in the process of developing a moral compass, marijuana use can drastically impact that developmental process.  See http://SpiritualHarmofMarijuana.com and also see the video of the exchange between the Dalai Lama and Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse, that took place in the fall of 2013. The video can be found at http://dalailama.com/webcasts/post/300-mind-and-life-xxvii---craving-desire-and-addiction/4588.  Alternatively, Google “Dalai Lama + Nora Volkow” for the link.

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- An Open Letter to Those Who Believe that Marijuana is Either Harmless or“Relatively” Harmless to Users and to Those in Their Environment by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.May 21, 2014 

It is very sad to know that so many are either unaware of the research findings concerning marijuana or have succumbed to groupthink, social pressure, and denial regarding the many harmful effects of the recreational use of marijuana.  It is particularly disheartening to know that so few are aware of the most significant research on marijuana that has been published over the past fifty years.  Even the ground breaking research findings on marijuana and its effects on the functioning of the brain that have been published in the past two years, including the research published in April 16, 2014 in the Journal of Neuroscience, are all but unknown to the vast majority of proponents of the recreational use of marijuana.  (Several hundred references to the research concerning the widest imaginable array of harmful effects of marijuana use can be found here at http://GordonDrugAbusePrevention.com . An selected working list of references and resources is posted here and will be updated periodically.)

If you follow the reports on the damage that the use of marijuana has already done in Colorado, I think that you might well have second thoughts about the nature of the effects of the “recreational” use of marijuana.  The following excerpt is from a “report card” created by the organization known as “Smart Approaches to Marijuana” (SAM).  The report are being issued on an ongoing basis concerning what has been happening in Colorado since the first of 2014.  The organization responsible for the reports was co-founded by Kevin A. Sabet, Ph.D., author of Reefer Sanity: Seven Great Myths about Marijuana and former Congressman Patrick Kennedy.  The report is dated 4/29/2014 and recounts some impacts that marijuana legalization has had in Colorado already. The following is from http://learnaboutsam.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/CO-420-doc-final.pdf :   “The City of  Denver now   surpasses  all  US  states  for  teen  marijuana  use,  and   car  crashes  with  drivers  testing  positive  for  marijuana  have  almost  tripled”.   Use has spread among school age children.  There have also been significant increases in the numbers of those of all ages seeking treatment as a result of marijuana use.   Two deaths have been attributed to the use of marijuana.  Even small children have gotten hold of marijuana edibles and experienced negative effects as a result….(more)

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- The Harm Caused to Individuals and Society by the Use of Marijuana 

by Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D.  

May 27, 2009, Revised December 27, 2009 http://GordonDrugAbusePrevention.com and 

http://www.familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.5140/pub_detail.asp  

The view that marijuana is harmless or even “relatively harmless” is a view that is widely shared.  That a view is widely shared does not mean that it is a sound view or that it has any basis in knowledge or fact.    Of course, the fact that marijuana is a plant that is widely available in nature has nothing to do with the potential harm that it can do if it is smoked or ingested.  To assume otherwise is to engage in vague or magical thinking.  It is common knowledge that there are plants and substances of all kinds that are harmful if ingested.  For instance, hemlock is deadly as are some mushrooms.  Smoking anything has some harmful consequences.   However widely shared a view it may be, the view that marijuana is harmless or even “relatively harmless,” it is a view that reflects a lack of knowledge concerning the immediate and the short term and long term effects of marijuana.  It is also a view that reflects a lack of knowledge of the less widely recognized effects of marijuana use of contact highs and flashbacks (spontaneous recurrence of a drug high without using the substance at the time of the recurrence.)  Similarly, the view reflects a lack of awareness of the civil liberties implications of being subject to contact highs and other effects as a result of being in the proximity of those who are using marijuana.   Certainly, a rational public policy needs to be based on such a knowledge base.   One way I try to determine what the knowledge base might be of a person who seems  unaware of the harmful effects of marijuana is to pose these questions: 

·         Do you know of research that shows that the use of marijuana can negatively affect motivation, long and short term memory, concentration, judgment, reasoning, and common sense?   

·         Do you know of the research of Harris Isbell and others who found that there can be idiosyncratic psychotomimetic (psychosis-like) effects from the administration of delta 9 THC in human subjects? (Delta 9 THC is the active principle of marijuana.)  

·         Do you know of the research findings that marijuana smoke can be inhaled by bystanders who then can experience marijuana highs and idiosyncratic effects?  

·         Do you know of the research in humans and animals showing the deleterious changes in lung tissue as a result of exposure to marijuana smoke?

·         Do you know that contact high and flashback effects can occur as a result of the use of marijuana and do you think that the occurrence of such effects can have any negative  consequences?

·         Do you see any deleterious impacts to the civil liberties of others, including children, the elderly, mentally impaired, and other sensitive individuals, when they are unwillingly or unwittingly subjected to marijuana smoke or contact highs? ……(More)

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- Statements Made by John Walters and Former Congressman Patrick Kennedy on Mr. Obama’s January 2014 Comments Concerning the Effects of Marijuana, Comments that were Ill-Considered and Without a Scientific Basis. 

http://www.wnd.com/wnd_video/former-drug-czar-obama-wrong-on-pot/  

~ http://www.politico.com/story/2014/01/patrick-kennedy-president-obama-marijuana-102412.html

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- A Must-See Video of an Extraordinary Exchange between Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Dalai Lama

The two hour and twenty minute exchange between Dr. Nora Volkow and the Dalai Lama that took place in India in last fall is at  http://dalailama.com/webcasts/post/300-mind-and-life-xxvii---craving-desire-and-addiction/4588 .  

The insights are pertinent to all forms of addictive and compulsive behavior.  They are also pertinent to prevention, intervention, and treatment of such behavior.   Brain scans are shown.  It is an extremely illuminating and helpful sharing of understanding including insights into how to help people caught up in addictive behavior including the use of marijuana, get out of the spiral of addiction.   The loss of personal agency, motivation, and initiative that are noted can leave one open to great harm. ……(More)

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- An Outstanding PSA and Video on the Harmfulness of Drug Use  

The following URL is for PSA is called  “Damaged Circuits”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2rlDuLrAiE

It shows the morphing of an articulate and cogent child into a spaced out drug using teen.

The Public Service Announcements was made by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America.

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- The SpiritualHarmofMarijuana.com Website

The SpiritualHarmofMarijuana.com Website: A Website Devoted to the Harmful Spiritual Effects of Marijuana and Other Psychoactive Substances…(more)

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LISTS OF REFERENCES AND RESOURCES ON MARIJUANA, KEY LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS, PRESENTATIONS, TESTIMONY,  ARTICLES, REPORTS, AND OPEN LETTERS


[ Click here for the COMPLETE TABLE OF CONTENTS ]

HIGHLIGHTED SELECTIONS FROM
   THE COMPLETE TABLE OF CONTENTS

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This website has been created as a public service to help address the problem of the use of marijuana and other mood- and mind-altering substances in the United States and around the world. A purpose is help inform the public, the media, and those in positions of public responsibility of the challenges facing the nation as a result of the widespread use of psychoactive and mood-altering substances, particularly marijuana and designer drugs. The harmful effects of these substances have not been well understood.  In fact, there is great ignorance of the harmful effects of marijuana and other drugs that are being used for experimental or recreational purposes. The implications that the harmful effects that these drugs have for the health and wellbeing of individuals, families, and society are legion. I hope that the work that is posted and cited here, including the Working List of References and Resources, will be helpful to all those seeking to understand seriousness of these challenges and the options before us. I hope this website will lead to the adoption of a public health-centered approach to dealing with these challenges, an approach that will help ensure the sustainability of the mental, physical, and spiritual wellbeing of those of all ages, particularly the rising generation that has everything to lose by engaging in drug use and experimentation. It is a great mistake to legalize the use of marijuana and to otherwise encourage or fail to discourage the recreational and experimental use of these substances. Individuals can be helped to become fully functioning individuals again and not reliant on drug taking.  This can be done through providing drug court type programs and other “in lieu of prosecution” and "in lieu of incarceration-type" programs. Such programs and approaches can provide needed information, education, counseling, and treatment and rehabilitation as needed. Completing such programs should result in the expunging of any accrued record. The future of the rising generation and of the nation is dependent on making the most sound choices concerning public policy that should be designed to protect and sustain the health and functioning of individuals and society.




Welcome!


THIS WEBSITE HAS BEEN CREATED AS A PUBLIC SERVICE TO HELP ADDRESS THE PROBLEM OF THE USE OF MARIJUANA AND OTHER MOOD- AND MIND-ALTERING SUBSTANCES IN THE UNITED STATES AND AROUND THE WORLD.